Decoding the Unwanted Visitor Dandruff and Defeating It 

Dandruff is a hair problem affecting almost one in two people, mainly young men. It is a common condition that causes the skin on the scalp to flake, break off, spread into the hair, or fall onto the shoulders. The primary culprit behind dandruff is a naturally occurring microbe on the scalp called Malassezia, which feeds on the scalp’s natural oils. The resulting byproducts can irritate the skin, leading to flaking.

Causes of dandruff

Dandruff may have several causes, including:

  • Irritated, oily skin.
  • Dry skin.
  • A fungus called Malassezia resembles yeast and feeds on the oils found on most adult scalps.
  • Other skin-related disorders like psoriasis and eczema.
(Image Source – Freepik)

Symptoms of dandruff

Dandruff signs and symptoms may include:

  • Skin flakes on your shoulders, beard or mustache, eyebrows, hair, and scalp.
  • Itchy scalp.
  • Crème-filled, scaly scalp in babies wearing cradle caps.
(Image Source – Freepik)

How to control dandruff 

  • Shampoo Application: When washing, apply shampoo, rinse, and repeat if needed. Massage gently using your fingertips to avoid scalp damage. Avoid vigorous rubbing, and never use your nails.
  • Product Usage Instructions: Follow the detailed directions on the shampoo bottle. Different products have varied application techniques, such as requiring a few minutes for application or a swift rinse. Consult with your pharmacist if you have any questions.
  • Alternating Shampoos: Alternate between anti-dandruff shampoos and mild ones to balance scalp health.
  • Drying: After washing, use a hair dryer with the warm air option to dry your hair.
  • Limit styling products: Reduce the use of styling products to prevent product buildup, which can make hair and scalp oilier.
  • Sun Exposure: Spend some time outdoors, as sunlight can help control dandruff. There is no need for extensive sunbathing; always use sunscreen when needed.
  • Stress Management: Manage stress through relaxation or meditation techniques. High stress levels can contribute to dandruff problems.
  • Balanced Diet: Follow a balanced diet rich in zinc, B vitamins, and healthy fats. These nutrients can contribute to scalp health and help prevent dandruff.

Home remedies for dandruff and itchy scalp

  1.  Coconut Oil:

Coconut oil restores the scalp, reduces the presence of dandruff and bacteria, and relieves itching in the area. Its application also hydrates hair roots, promotes growth, and reduces dead cells. To benefit from this remedy, extract the juice of half a lemon and mix it with three tablespoons of coconut oil. Next, gently massage the product all over the scalp and leave it to act for 20 minutes. After this time, rinse your hair as usual and air dry, repeating the treatment up to three times a week for optimal results.

2. Aloe Vera:

Aloe vera, or aloe vera gel, has antibacterial and antifungal properties that significantly reduce the presence of fungi. In addition, it hydrates the hair and eliminates dead cells. It is one of the active compounds in a multitude of hair products because it not only mitigates dandruff but also hydrates, repairs, and eliminates itchy scalps. It is as simple as extracting two tablespoons of aloe vera gel, rubbing it all over your head with a gentle massage, and letting it sit for 20 minutes. Next, rinse with water and mild shampoo, and repeat every day or a couple of times a week.

3.  Baking soda:

Baking soda has multiple benefits for taking care of the health of your hair. Among them, it eliminates the fungi that produce dandruff and deeply cleanses the scalp to contribute to hair regeneration. You just have to prepare a paste with two tablespoons of baking soda, one tablespoon of lemon juice, and three tablespoons of water. Wet your hair and apply this combination with gentle circular massages. Leave it on for 15 minutes and rinse with cold water. Use it two or three times a week to eliminate dandruff, and you can also add a tablespoon of baking soda to your shampoo. Do not use more than one ingredient that we have shown you at a time since if you mix several, we could make the situation worse.

4.  Lemon juice: 

Combine it in equal parts with water to eliminate dandruff at home. It is also good for skin infections and nourishing hair follicles.

5.  Olive oil: 

If the cause of dandruff is an excessively dry scalp, olive oil will help nourish your hair and reduce impurities. Heat a couple of tablespoons until the oil is warm, and apply it with a gentle massage. 


Dandruff may be a common concern, but with a thoughtful approach to hair care and a few adjustments to your routine, you can keep your scalp in top shape. By choosing effective tips and taking proactive steps for our hair care routine, we can decode this dandruff problem and defeat it.

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